NATURAL SPACES OF INTEREST THROUGH WHICH ROUTES PASS:

MENORCA CENTER STAGE:

Barbatx (ES000385)

Surface area (ha.): 1358
Other protection figures: Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI)
The starting section of this route runs around Mercadal. This area has a relief that is very eroded which results in an alternation between small valleys and hills. The area includes the highest elevation of Menorca, the Toro mountain, about 350 meters high. The vegetation consists of a mosaic of forests and pastures. Encinar ( Cyclamini - Quercetum ilicis ) is the most important forest in the area. A los Montes ago in the area is rich and varied vegetation rock, very rich in endemic as the foxglove and the endemismo gimnèsic Helichrysum Ambiguum , which only grows in this area throughout the island. Forests have a varied wildlife. As for the birds, the chorizo, the alimoches, the Soter and the crows among others are abundant. In addition, the area is breeding and milking area.

La Mola i S'albufera de Fornells (ES000232)

Surface area (ha.): 151632
Other protection figures: Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI)
This first-class landscaping complex includes the Mola de Fornells , which limits the bay of Fornells to the north with a promontory of 122 meters high associated with a spectacular cliff. On the east coast small coves have originated, among which are the coves of Tosqueta , Calla Pudent and the arena of s'Olla . The bottom of the bay is sandy in the outer part and muddy in its interior. Another notable area is the humid area of ​​the Albufera de Es Mercadal, the fourth humid area in the extension of Menorca. The most characteristic vegetation is maquis heather calcicolous Ericetum Loto- Multiflorae with Erica multiflora and Rosmarinus officinalis subsp . palace that covers much of Mola de Fornells . In the south, the Cyclamini-Quercetum Balearic oak appears Ilicis associated with the freshest depressions. The community of sea cakes occupies the whole rocky coastline closest to the sea. In the cliff area we find the rocky and endemic community Sibthorpio africanae-Arenarietum Balearic Islands in an excellent state of conservation with the presence of a multitude of endemisms. As for the fauna, it is worth noting the presence of 4 populations of endemic lizard of Balearic Podarcis lilfordi the three small barren islands located in the bay of Fornells , as well as the islet of Tusquets in the northeastern end of La Mola de Fornells . Among the birds that nest, a pair of fishing eagle stands out ( Pandion haliaetus ), in addition to other species. In migration the presence of numerous species of waders and anátidas that visit the bay and the albufera of Mercadal stands out.

From Els Alocs to Fornells (ES000231)

Surface area (ha.): 2682
Other protection figures : Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI)
This sector of the north of the island constitutes the largest coastal area of ​​Menorca virgin (25 km of coast), with the Cabalería head, with spectacular cliffs, and the watchtower of Fornells . The most eastern interior area is formed by small hills that alternate with valleys mainly transformed into growing areas. The western zone has a more rugged terrain with higher elevations, highlighting the 200 meter high Miloc de Binidelfà . The eastern coast is low with soft hills and there are numerous sandy beaches with dune systems that are arranged perpendicularly to the coastline due to the strong north wind. In this space, the forest vegetation occupies most of the territory (70%), and in the rest of the surface predominates the agricultural use, mainly in the secano regime, with the lands basically destined to the grazing of cattle and to a lesser extent sheep and goat Among the most outstanding elements of the natural environment are the extensive dune systems , especially in Cala Calderer , Binimel·là , Pregonda , Pregonda , Caballería and Tirant; the humid areas like Lluriac , the third in importance of Menorca and the Tamarix forest spp . most important of the Balearic Islands; the islets (Acelgas and Isla de los Porros), with the presence of the endemic lizard Podarcis lilfordii ; In this area, a pair of fishing eagle ( Pandion) is nestled haliaetus ).

MENORCA WEST STAGE:

Costa norte de Ciutadella (ES000229)

Surface area (ha.): 6829
Other protection figures : Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI)
The northwest end presents one of the most unique landscapes on the island. The whole area is an extensive calcareous rock platform located 20-40 m above sea level, so the whole coastline is formed by high vertical cliffs. On this extensive rocky platform there are small ravines excavated on the rock that lead to small coves with rocky beaches. Apart from a dense network of dry walls, there are numerous buildings such as barracks of various types, reservoirs, corrales, stables, etc., which give this area its own appearance. Currently, the vegetation in the area is highly modified due to intensive grazing of sheep, and the most common vegetable communities in the area are of ruderal type. Only in the nearest strip of the coast are some populations of endemisms observed. At the front of the coast, the community of Limonietum dominates Caprariensis (sea cakes) with a high degree of endemicity. One of the most unique plant elements of the area and at the same time dominant in extensive areas is Capparis spinosa subsp . rupestris ( Taparera ), a plant that has found the ideal habitat in these rocky places. The great wildlife value of the area is seabirds and raptors. In the area is the most important fatty bald colony ( Calonectris diomedea ) of all the Spanish Mediterranean.

La Vall (ES0000230)

Surface area (ha.): 52827
Other protection figures : The approximate half of e , coincident with SCI ES5310113, is Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI).
The area includes a coastal section of the north of Menorca and a large area of ​​the interior. It is a zone of soft reliefs, except on the coast, where is the promontory of Monte Mala, near Algaiarens Creek , which are the most prominent accidents. The coastline is very steep and cliffs, pebbles and sandy beaches follow each other. The whole area is in very good condition and has a high landscaping value. There are significant extensions of forest and shrub vegetation is notable for its good development and diversity of species. Apart from the high ecological and landscape values ​​of the area that deserved the declaration as a LIC of a part of this territory (SCI ES5310113 Valle), the nesting of the fishing eagle ( Pandion haliaetus ), as well as other species in Annex I of Directive 79/409 / EEC, justified its declaration as a Special Protection Area for Birds (ZEPA). The forests of the area constitute a nesting zone for raptors such as the baseman ( Hieraaetus pennatus ) and the royal milan ( Milvus milvus ).

Sur de Ciutadella (ES0000443)

Surface area (ha.): 1970
Other protection figures : This space coincides partially with the Community Interest Place Costa Sur de Ciutadella (SCI ES0000240)
This space is located in the southwest part of the island of Menorca, and is located on the limestone platform of the south of the island that forms a steep coast of low height interrupted by several coves, little elevation above the sea level and the absence from deep ravines, except the ravine of Santa Ana. On the coast, the rocky coastline is alternated with white sand beaches of high landscaping value. The interior is occupied mainly by agricultural areas of dry land with molds and intercalated forests, forming the agroforestry mosaic that characterizes the rural landscape of Menorca. The vegetal landscape of the area has evident contrasts between the eastern part, although with the influence of the ravines, and the western one, much more flat. In the western part, the low level of the coast allows for the formation of extensive beaches and, associated with them, dune systems consolidated with an important vegetation. A habitat of high interest in the area is temporary ponds that form in the depression behind the dunar system set from the beach from Banyuls . In the last section of the ravines, fresh water emerges that originate small wet areas of high interest (Cala Macarella , Bellavista meadow). In the humid area associated with Son Saura we find Emys Galapagos orbicularis , the water snake Natrix maura, the Hyla frog Meridionalis and the Toad Bufo viridis . One of the main faunistic values ​​of the space that motivated its declaration as ZEPA is the fact of being nesting and hunting area of ​​the royal milan ( Milvus milvus ). In the area abodes abound ( Neophron percnopterus , Falco tinnunculus , Falco peregrinus and Hieraaetus pennatus ) and other species of poultry of forest habitats. The area is in very good condition and has a great landscaping value.

Costa Sur de Ciutadella (ES0000240)

Surface area (ha.): 1125
Other protection figures : Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI)
he vegetal landscape of the area presents evident contrasts between the eastern part, although with the influence of the ravines, and the western one, much more flat and with little development of the arboreal vegetation. In the eastern part predominate white pine wood forests with some areas of oak in the darkest and coolest places. In the flat areas located between the gullies the low forest of acebuches also develops. Changing the coastal scrub dominated parece under Romero y algunos heather in it emphasize the abundance of orchids and endemic. There are also small forests of Sabinas. In the first line of the coast, especially where it is not far above the sea level, the community of sea cakes ( Limonietum Caprariensis ) with some endemic species of this genus. In the western part, the low level of the coast allows for the formation of extensive beaches and, associated with them, dune systems consolidated with an important vegetation. Another habitat of high interest in the area is the temporary ponds that form in the depression behind the dune system set from the beach from Banyuls . The raptors and other bird species of forest habitats abound in the area. In the humid areas that develop behind the beaches of Son Saura we can find different surface anátidas , waterfowl and rustic swimmer, as well as some species of waders. In the humid area associated with Son Saura we find Emys Galapagos orbicularis , the water snake Natrix maura, the Hyla frog Meridionalis and the Toad Bufo viridis . The most abundant mammals in this area are Martha, Mustel , hedgehog and rabbit lift stage.

MENORCA EST STAGE:

Es Capell de Ferro (ES0000386)

Surface area (ha.): 16277
Other protection figures : Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI).
A small area corresponds to the Community Interest Place (SCI) ES5310119 Peñas de Egipto. The relief is very eroded which results in an alternation between small valleys and hills. The mountain range of the Peñas of Egypt stands out, with spectacular outcrops of siliceous sandstone from the Bundsandstein ( cot rocks ). An important part of the space is occupied by forest masses, especially of oaks and white pine. In the plain areas dominate the fields of cultivation, mainly dry land, and pastures. The vegetation consists of a mosaic of forests and pastures. Encinar ( Cyclamini-Quercetum ilicis ) is the most important forest in the area. In the most degraded areas due to human activity, encinar has colonized by species typical of the illuminated spaces with poor soils, such as the reed ( Ampelodesmos mauritanica ), the heather (Erica spp .) or the white pines ( Pinus halepensis ). The mountains of the area make a rich and varied rocky vegetation, very rich in endemisms. Forests have a varied wildlife. With regard to birds, the chorizo is abundant (Falco tinnunculus), the Egyptian vultures (Neophron pernocpterus ), the Soter ( Hieraetus pennatus ), the owls ( Tyto alba), the owls ( Otus scops ) and the crows ( Corvus corax ). In addition, the area is breeding and hunting area of ​​the milan ( Milvus milvus ). You can also find the majority of wild mammals in Menorca.

From Addaia to S'Albufera (ES0000233)

Surface area (ha.): 2809
Other protection figures: Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI) and Natural Park.
The coastal zone is cut by cliffs of more than 80 my small rocky coves, and stands out the presence of three small barren islands in front of the port of Addaia . From the landscape point of view, the site has an extraordinary interest in the diversity of environments and its degree of conservation, as well as for the interior agricultural landscape, forming the typical agroforestry mosaic. The seabed also has a high conservation interest, with the presence of virtually unchanged habitats of great importance at the western Mediterranean level. The geological diversity of the area favors the great variety of habitats and vegetal communities, for example appear the 5 species of socarrells present in Menorca (Centaurea balearica , Astragalus balearicus , Launaea cervicornis , dorycnium pentaphylum subsp . Fulgurans and Teucrium marum subsp . Subspinosum ). In addition, the area is rich in small humid areas that occur both in the form of temporary ponds in the interior and in the form of coastal lagoons with a very variable salinity level and that host a large number of birds especially during migration and hibernation highlighting the salinas of Addaia and Laguna de Morella. A Favàritx will locate a temporary pond interesante Mediterranean, cuerpo from the Ombudsman which is located a few meters from the sea. As for the fauna, the populations of endemic lizards Podarcis stand out lilfordi the islets of Addaia .

S'Albufera des Grau (ES0000234)

Surface area (ha.): 2547
Other protection figures: Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI) and Natural Park.
From the landscape point of view, the site has an extraordinary interest in the diversity of landscapes and environments and for its degree of conservation. There is an exceptional situation in the Balearic Islands, since the Albufera del Grau is the only humid area located on a land that is not flat, but is located between hills dominated by the entire water lamina. The coast of this area is also very varied, with cliff coastlines, coves with beaches, various islets, such as Colom Island, 58 hectares, and very varied seabed, all of them virtually unchanged since there is no urbanized point with the exception of the town Grau. The interior agricultural landscape, mixed with scrub clippings and Mediterranean forest, is also of great beauty. This rugged landscape, apparently uninhabited, has a great diversity of plant communities. We found the Euphorbia Balearic endemism maresii . On the island of Colom you will find the most important population of Aro- Phylliretum buckthorn , and it is the only place where you live with your natural disperser, the endemic lizard Podarcis lilfordi. In the inner area we find a mosaic of meadows intended for extensive livestock alternating with areas of Prasio- Oleetum holly forest . The variety of lacustrine ecosystems includes the largest populations of winter waterfowl in Menorca. The most abundant species is the focha ( Fulica atra ) with more than 3,000 copies in the lagoon. Anas also stand out platyrhynchos , Aythia ferina, Anas Growth , Ardea cinerea , Egretta Garzetta and Phalacrocorax carbo. As far as mammals are concerned, the populations of martas (Tuesday Tuesday minoricensis ) and hedgehogs ( Atelerix algirus ).

From S'Albufera to La Mola (ES0000235)

Surface area (ha.): 1986
Other protection figures: Natural Area of ​​Special Interest (ANEI).
The landscape that presents this space characterizes practically all of the north coast: small hills of low altitude (not exceeding 75 m altitude) separated by short valleys and low slope valleys through which numerous temporary torrents circulate. In some depressions small seasonal rafts appear. The coastline is steep, with numerous cliffs, reefs and rocky coves, and a unique sandy beach: sa Mesquida. From the point of view of vegetation, a series of vegetative communities with a high degree of interest stand out, which include exclusive endemics of Menorca with a very restricted distribution. We can highlight the communities of dunes ( Ammophiletum arundinaceae ), the community of the Limonietum rocky coastline Caprariensis , the community of socarrells , Launaeenion Cervicornis , the community of arbutus maquis Aro- Phylliretum , more in the interior, that welcomes the only Minorcan population of Cneorum Tricococon , along with the Minorcan endemism Daphne rodriguezii , and the acidophilic association of heaths and jaras Ampelodesma-Ericetum I discovered mediomediterraneum . This area forms the unique natural distribution area of ​​two threatened endemisms of priority interest: Vicia bifoliolata and Apium bermejoi.